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Bangali Paltan or Bengale Regiment is a regiment of Bengali soldiers during the First World War. At the beginning of the First World War (1914-1918), Bengalis began to be recruited for the Indian Army. So that time many non-combatant soldiers and skilled and unskilled laborers were also recruited from Bengal. In middle 1916, the British Government decided to
create a regiment of Bengali soldiers. At ﬁrst, it was called Bengali Double Company. These Double Companies, each consisting of 228 soldiers, thought to annex with Indian Army as a regiment. The Bengali Double Company raised the ﬁrst Bengali Battalion on 26 June 1917. It was named the 49th Bengalee regiment or brieﬂy the 49th Bengalis.
The 49th Bengalee Regiment
Monumental Plaque of the 49th Bengalee Regiment Active June 26, 1917 - 30 August 1920 Country British India Branch British Indian Army Type Line Infantry Role Infantry Size 2 Companies, each consisting of 228 soldiers Anniversaries June 26, 1917
This Bengali Battalion was not like an ordinary army unit. Basically, young men from educated middle-class families had joined as soldiers. Many of them were in jobs with good salaries before joining the army. Some had graduation, masters or law degrees. Some young sons of nawabs and zamindars and of rich families also joined the Bengali Battalion. Although Indian soldiers were not allowed to rise as commissioned oﬃcers, but £115 million was paid from the Indian exchequer.
Governor of Bengal Lord Carmichael announced to form a Bengali army companies at the concluding session of the Legislative Council in Dhaka On 7 August 1916. That time the leaders of Bengal also decided to form a Bengali Regiment Committee to extend cooperation to the government in recruiting companies. And then central oﬃce was established in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and many branch oﬃces were formed at all districts and at some major subdivisions. The committee ran campaigns through public meetings, newspaper publicity, and other means to enthuse people to join the Bengali Double
Companies where important leaders, zamindars, and social leaders also attended these meetings. The government very earnestly solicited their cooperation. The programme to recruit Bengalis for the Double Companies began on 30 August 1916 at the Fort Williams Cantonment in Calcutta. The ﬁrst ten soldiers of the Bengali Double Company left Calcutta on September 12 for Naushera for training. Subsequently, more groups of recruits left for Naushera. There the 46th Punjab Regiment was in charge of their training. The ﬁrst regiment of 228 soldiers of the Bengali Double Company arrived in
Karachi in January 1917 after four months of training at Naushera.
The ﬁrst battalion of the Bengali Regiment divided into three groups left Karachi in July 1917 to take part in the
In the war
Monument in College Square in Kolkata
Mesopotamian war and by mid-September reached Baghdad. But in Baghdad a good number of soldiers became sick and some of them died. So that the 49th Bengalis were transferred from Baghdad to the city of Azizia and by mid-March to Al Kut. Still there was no signiﬁcant improvement in their health in Al Kut. Then Towards the end of October, they were sent to Tanuma near Basra. While at Al Kut, Tanuma and Azizia, the Bengalis performed mainly security duties alongside receiving military training. By November 1918 armistice was declared. At Tanuma the Bengalis performed the post-war rehabilitation duties. Some of the
soldiers were engaged in Baghdad and elsewhere. After the Mesopotamian war, there was a revolt in Kurdistan in April 1919. As many as 235 Bengalis were engaged in suppressing this rebellion. After coming back to Kolkata in August 1920, the Bengali Battalion got disbanded on 30 August 1920.
After the ﬁrst battalion of the 49th Bengali Regiment left for Baghdad in July 1917, its remaining soldiers stayed in Karachi and continued to receive military training. This group of the Bengalis was called Karachi Depot. A group of the Bengali Battalion that stayed in Calcutta was called Calcutta
Depot where the new recruits stayed. The soldiers of the Karachi Depot also used to stay here while in transit from leave or on some duty. As a large number of soldiers from East Bengal were recruited in September 1918, a Depot was also opened in Dhaka. It was called Dhaka Depot.
Ther are two war diaries for the 49th Bengalee regiments have been digitalized by Indian national archives.
● No 1: ◆ Date: 01 july 1917 to 30 april 1918
◆ Trigris Defences and Communication, Aziziyeh ◆ References: WO95/5020/5 ◆ Notes:
Monument in the memory of Bengalee Regiment
Name of Soldiers inscribed in the three side of the monument at College square in Kolkata
Sixty-three soldiers of the Bengali Battalion died of sickness and other causes. To honor their memory a commemorative statue was erected at Calcutta College Square in August 1924. In one side of the monument, inscribed in the words: “ memory of members of The 45th Bengalee Regiment who died in the Great War, 1914-1918, To the Glory of God, King, and Country. ” The other three sides of the memorial base contain the names of the 49 Bengalis
monument at College square in Kolkata
killed in the Great War of 1914 – 1918. It also contains the following information of Reg. No., Rank, Date of Death, District from which come. The districts are Midnapore, Mymensingh, Murshidabad, Nadia, Calcutta, Jessore, Burdwan, Pabna, Chittagong, Khulna, Barisal, Faridpore, Pabna, 24-Parganas and Tripura (Tipperah). Some Bengali soldiers and oﬃcers received awards and recognition for their meritorious services in Mesopotamia. These recognitions were published in the oﬃcial gazette. In July 1919 a victory march (rally) and peace celebration were held in London. Soldiers and oﬃcers from different parts of the
world took part in it. One British oﬃcer and one Indian oﬃcer and two soldiers represented the 49th Bengali Regiment at this celebration.
List of soldiers
Reg. No. Rank Name District Date of Death 160 Sepoy Bhairath Panda Burdwan 21 June 1917 563 Sepoy Bagalacharan Banerjee Burdwan 5 May 1918 416 Sepoy S. Mukherjee Burdwan Date unknown 610 T. Naik Dhirendranath Chatterjee Barishal 11 Sept 1919 514 Sepoy Binod Chandra Ghosh Barishal 29 Dec 197 1215 Sepoy Bisweswar Indu Barishal 14 July 1918 1200 Sepoy Atalchandra Ghosh Barishal 10 Jan 1918 663 Radhica Mohan Dey Dhaka 8 March 1918 644 Sepoy Suresh Chandra Bose Dhaka 27 dec 1917 663 Sepoy Styanarayan Bose Dhaka 23 Dec 1917 1272 Sepoy Abdul Rahman Dhaka 5 June1919 1297 Sepoy Jagadish Chandra Bose Dhaka 1 Jan 1918 1913 Sepoy Shamal Bhattacharya Dhaka 26 Jan 1918 2686 Sepoy Kamakshyaya Dey Dhaka Date Unknown 1332 Sepoy Bholanath Chowdhury Bogra 7 June 1918 1558 Sepoy Tarak Chandra Sarkar Bogra 19 Feb 1918
Citations 1. Nath, Ashok (2014). The British Indian Army: Virtue and Necessity. References
Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 65–76. ISBN 9781443853965. 2. "Bangali Paltan - Banglapedia" . en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2018-06-22. 3. "The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) | Metro | Tears for subaltern" . www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-06-22. 4. "49 Bengali Regiment | Rangan Datta" . rangandatta.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2018-06-22. 5. "49th Bengalis - Researching WW1" . Researching the Lives and Service
List of soldiers
|Reg. No.||Rank||Name||District||Date of Death|
|160||Sepoy||Bhairath Panda||Burdwan||21 June 1917|
|563||Sepoy||Bagalacharan Banerjee||Burdwan||5 May 1918|
|416||Sepoy||S. Mukherjee||Burdwan||Date unknown|
|610||T. Naik||Dhirendranath Chatterjee||Barishal||11 Sept 1919|
|514||Sepoy||Binod Chandra Ghosh||Barishal||29 Dec 197|
|1215||Sepoy||Bisweswar Indu||Barishal||14 July 1918|
|1200||Sepoy||Atalchandra Ghosh||Barishal||10 Jan 1918|
|663||Radhica Mohan Dey||Dhaka||8 March 1918|
|644||Sepoy||Suresh Chandra Bose||Dhaka||27 dec 1917|
|663||Sepoy||Styanarayan Bose||Dhaka||23 Dec 1917|
|1272||Sepoy||Abdul Rahman||Dhaka||5 June1919|
|1297||Sepoy||Jagadish Chandra Bose||Dhaka||1 Jan 1918|
|1913||Sepoy||Shamal Bhattacharya||Dhaka||26 Jan 1918|
|2686||Sepoy||Kamakshyaya Dey||Dhaka||Date Unknown|
|1332||Sepoy||Bholanath Chowdhury||Bogra||7 June 1918|
|1558||Sepoy||Tarak Chandra Sarkar||Bogra||19 Feb 1918|